Tuesday, January 30, 2018

100 YEAR ANNIVERSARY OF THE SPANISH INFLUENZA ~ An estimated 50 Million died worldwide–How many in my own family?

influenza 1918 flu pandemic headline

A flu that killed how many people? Yes, you read the headline correctly.  One hundred years ago, the Influenza epidemic of 1918 took more lives than the dreaded Bubonic Plague of the 1340’s.

There’s no lack of online information about this epidemic.  I think most of us, as genealogists, are very aware of it.  However, I don’t hear it talked about much in the news media.  When I mention it to non genealogists they usually say “what flu epidemic in 1918?”

I’m going to give you statistics from my own family file in a minute.  But, before I do that here are some other statistics.

  • The 1918 flu infected about 500 million people worldwide
  • An estimated 675,000 died of it in the U.S.
  • It was pretty much in the newspapers every day.  I went to newspapers.com and found it mentioned 471 times in my home state of Michigan, 702 times in New York and 959 times in the California newspapers that year. 
influena sign how to prevent Influenza chart

It even affected my favorite sport’s playoff that year.  The Stanley Cup series was postponed due to players being ill.

Influenza affects stanley cup

A sample of some of the influenza articles across the country.

Influenza headlines

Questions:

What was the Spanish flu caused by?

Spanish flu. The Spanish Flu Pandemic, also known as La Grippe Espagnole, or La Pesadilla, was an unusually severe and deadly strain of avian influenza, a viral infectious disease, that killed some 50 million to 100 million people worldwide over about a year in 1918 and 1919 [1]. Spanish flu - ScienceDaily
https://www.sciencedaily.com/terms/spanish_flu.htm

What started the Spanish flu?

The virus which was responsible for the first benign wave of the Spanish Influenza in the spring of 1918, and which was to become extremely virulent by the end of the summer of 1918, was inextricably associated with the soldiers who fought during the First World War.Nov 30, 2009
Origins of the Spanish Influenza pandemic (1918–1920) and its ...https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2805838/

How did the Spanish Flu end?

Flu Pandemic Comes to an End. By the summer of 1919, the flu pandemic came to an end, as those that were infected either died or developed immunity. ... Since 1918, there have been several other influenza pandemics, although none as deadly.
1918 Flu Pandemic - Facts & Summary - HISTORY.com  www.history.com/topics/1918-flu-pandemic

So let’s talk about my own family.  I used Legacy 9 to create a list of all the people in my database who died in 1918.  There were 27 for whom I have a death date in that year.  Of the 27 people, I do have causes of death for most of them.  I have FOUR confirmed deaths from the Influenza and one probable.  That’s approximately 15% of the deaths that year caused by this flu.  

The people in my family who were taken by this epidemic were:

- Mary Campbell HART, age 91, died 7 May 1918 in Port Huron, St. Clair, Michigan.  Mary is the wife of my half 2nd great granduncle.

- * William H. HART, age 71, died 1 Mar 1918 in Clyde, St. Clair, Michigan.  He is the son of the above Mary Campbell Hart.  He is my half 1st cousin 3 times removed.

- Lynn HART, age 18, died 30 Oct 1918 in Woodhull Shiawassee, Michigan.  Grand nephew of the above Mary Campbell Hart.  He is my half 2nd cousin twice removed.

- William B. CURRY, Jr., age 26, died 14 Oct 1918, while serving his country in the Army as a Sgt. at Camp Zachary Taylor in Louiseville, Kentucky.  He is the husband of my grandaunt.

- Charles Henry FENNER, age 59, died 27 Oct 1918 in Lima, Allen, Ohio.  He is the husband of my great grandaunt. 

* The death of William H. Hart was listed as pneumonia, but that could have followed influenza, as I have read.  It would seem that many in the Hart family were sick with influenza based on this newspaper article about the death of Lynn Hart.

HART_Lynn_death notice_LansingStateJour_30 Oct 1918_pg 8 - Copy

Let’s talk about your family now. 

Have you ever taken a look at those in your family who died in 1918? 

How many died from the Spanish Influenza or something related to it?

I’d like to hear about it either in a comment or on your own blog.

Following are some websites that I found with articles and one very good documentary I watched on PBS.

http://www.history.com/topics/1918-flu-pandemic

https://virus.stanford.edu/uda/

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1918_flu_pandemic

Program on PBS about the 1918 Flu Epidemic

Happy hunting,

Michigan Girl

Copyright ©  2010-2018   Diane Gould Hall

ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.  NO USE WITHOUT PERMISSION

1 comment:

  1. Thank you so much for this! I will utilize the links as I am currently working on an article about the flu for the Historical Society in the county I grew up in. And I enjoyed your post overall. Have you read "The Great Influnza" by John Berry? I really liked it and will probably read it again sometime. http://www.johnmbarry.com/_i_the_great_influenza__the_epic_story_of_the_deadliest_plague_in_history__i__58204.htm Also the site that University of Michigan has is great too - https://www.publishing.umich.edu/2012/10/09/the-american-influenza-epidemic-of-1918-a-digital-encyclopedia/

    ReplyDelete

I look forward to reading your comments. If you have any connection to the people mentioned in this blog, please let me know. I write about mine and my husband's ancestors and would welcome new information or meeting a new cousin or two. Thanks for visiting and come back soon.