Aboyne Kirkyard in Scotland

Aboyne Kirkyard in Scotland
ABOYNE KIRKYARD, ABOYNE, ABERDEENSHIRE, SCOTLAND

Thursday, January 23, 2014

BOOKS–WHY WE STILL NEED THEM–WHICH ONES ARE IN YOUR LIBRARY?


Books on my 1st shelf in office

In this day & age we have so many electronic devices at our disposal.  Just in our home we have the following list of electronic devices:
  • HP desktop computer with dual monitors (my genealogy central)
  • Toshiba laptop – mine, to take on trips and to libraries
  • Toshiba laptop – my husband’s computer, so he doesn’t have to fight with me for the desktop.  LOL!
  • An iPad which I use all the time
  • A Samsung tablet for my husband
  • Kindle paperwhite – for my reading
  • 2 iPhones
  • Garmin - to take on trips when we rent cars
Have I forgotten anything?  I don’t think so.

With all of the millions and millions of records currently online and coming online all the time, do we still even need books?

The answer is a resounding YES!

Because, until every single book, in every repository around the globe has been scanned, we will be missing out, if we don’t use books.
  • What’s in your library?
  • Do you buy books?  If so, how often?
  • Do you borrow books?
  • Do you download books from the internet?  Or, read them online?
  • Do you go to libraries?
I have always been a book lover.  I’ve been an avid reader from the time I learned to read.  That gene was handed down from my mother and grandmother, who are & were avid readers.

There are copyright & public domain laws in place that will tell us which books might be available online.  Please see my reference below for more information about that subject.

For my purposes, I make it easy and remember the 1923 rule about works prior to that, first registered or published in the United States are now in public domain.

Date of Publication6
Conditions7
Copyright Term3
Before 1923
None
None. In the public domain due to copyright expiration

That means that for any book published before 1923 (depending on the circumstances regarding publishing), we may have to access online.  This would all depend on whether the book has been scanned & put online.

I am certainly not a lawyer or professional when it comes to all of these laws.  There is another blogger, Judy G. Russell, who writes a blog called “The Legal Genealogist” http://www.legalgenealogist.com/  If you have questions I would refer you to her site.  She has already written several blogs about copyright and would certainly know more than I do.  

Now back to books.  When I first began, in earnest, to research our families I couldn’t read enough about genealogy.   I “needed” to know and I was determined to learn.  In addition to subscribing to every magazine being published back in 2003, I bought books that would help me learn to be a good researcher.  

You can begin using your genealogy database and finding records on Ancestry, Family Search, FindAGrave etc.  But, I wanted to know what to do with those records, how to use them, what else is out there?  Now, we have webinars, YouTube, blogs and tutorials of all kinds right online.  

BUT, you aren’t  likely to find your ancestor’s stories on those sites. A reference or historical book about local history in the area your ancestor lived, will be much more likely to result in those great finds for your ancestor.

I guess the bottom line of what I’m saying here is, don’t dismiss books as resources, in spite of all that we have available online. 
  • Go to libraries
  • When you are on those genealogy trips, go to the local historical society, library or genealogy society and see what books they have available for reading or purchasing.  I’ve also found books about my ancestors at local bookstores in small towns.
  • Check on various websites that offer genealogy books, such as
                - Amazon.com
                - eBay
                - Genealogical.com
               - Google books

I have found wonderful stories about my ancestors and my husbands, that give insight to their lives.  I’ve found names of parents, children & siblings listed.  

Examples of the what I’ve found in books about our family
(Enlarge any image by clicking on it)
BOOK_VeryPoor&ofaLoMake_page 584-585
Excerpt from The Journal of Abner Sanger with several references to my husband's family
Kimball from Law Co book
Excerpt from The History of Lawrence County, Ohio Volume I about a Kimball ancestor on my side
DAY_Ebenezer_Keene bio sketch page 580-81
Excerpt from The History of Keene, New Hampshire about my husband's ancestor
           
Please see a list of the books contained in my personal library by going to the “Books I Own”  (click on link or go to tab at the top of my blog page)

Here is a reference to the copyright and public domain laws:

Copyright & Public Domain in the United States
We do have access to thousands or millions of books online. They can be read online or downloaded to our computers. But, we need to know which books are in the public domain and available for us.
Here are the current public domain laws as posted on 1 January 2014 at http://copyright.cornell.edu/resources/publicdomain.cfm
Never Published, Never Registered Works2
Type of Work
Copyright Term
What was in the public domain in the U.S. as of 1 January 20143
Unpublished works
Life of the author + 70 years
Works from authors who died before 1944
Unpublished anonymous and pseudonymous works, and works made for hire (corporate authorship)
120 years from date of creation
Works created before 1894
Unpublished works when the death date of the author is not known4
120 years from date of creation5
Works created before 18945
Works Registered or First Published in the U.S.
Date of Publication6
Conditions7
Copyright Term3
Before 1923
None
None. In the public domain due to copyright expiration
1923 through 1977
Published without a copyright notice
None. In the public domain due to failure to comply with required formalities
1978 to 1 March 1989
Published without notice, and without subsequent registration within 5 years
None. In the public domain due to failure to comply with required formalities
1978 to 1 March 1989
Published without notice, but with subsequent registration within 5 years
70 years after the death of author. If a work of corporate authorship, 95 years from publication or 120 years from creation, whichever expires first
1923 through 1963
Published with notice but copyright was not renewed8
None. In the public domain due to copyright expiration
1923 through 1963
Published with notice and the copyright was renewed8
95 years after publication date
1964 through 1977
Published with notice
95 years after publication date
1978 to 1 March 1989
Created after 1977 and published with notice
70 years after the death of author. If a work of corporate authorship, 95 years from publication or 120 years from creation, whichever expires first
1978 to 1 March 1989
Created before 1978 and first published with notice in the specified period
The greater of the term specified in the previous entry or 31 December 2047
From 1 March 1989 through 2002
Created after 1977
70 years after the death of author. If a work of corporate authorship, 95 years from publication or 120 years from creation, whichever expires first
From 1 March 1989 through 2002
Created before 1978 and first published in this period
The greater of the term specified in the previous entry or 31 December 2047
After 2002
None
70 years after the death of author. If a work of corporate authorship, 95 years from publication or 120 years from creation, whichever expires first
Anytime
Works prepared by an officer or employee of the United States Government as part of that person's official duties. 21
None. In the public domain in the United States (17 U.S.C. § 105)
Works First Published Outside the U.S. by Foreign Nationals or U.S. Citizens
Living Abroad
9
Date of Publication
Conditions
Copyright Term in the United States
Before 1923
None
In the public domain (But see first special case below)
Works Published Abroad Before 197810
1923 through 1977
Published without compliance with US formalities, and in the public domain in its source country as of 1 January 1996 (but see special cases) 20
In the public domain
1923 through 1977
Published in compliance with all US formalities
(i.e., notice, renewal)
11
95 years after publication date
1923 through 1977
Solely published abroad, without compliance with US formalities or republication in the US, and not in the public domain in its home country as of 1 January 1996 (but see special cases)
95 years after publication date
1923 through 1977
Published in the US less than 30 days after publication abroad
Use the US publication chart to determine duration
1923 through 1977
Published in the US more than 30 days after publication abroad, without compliance with US formalities, and not in the public domain in its home country as of 1 January 1996 (but see special cases)
95 years after publication date
Works Published Abroad After 1 January 1978
1 January 1978 - 1 March 1989
Published without copyright notice, and in the public domain in its source country as of 1 January 1996 (but see special cases)20
In the public domain
1 January 1978 - 1 March 1989
Published without copyright notice in a country that is a signatory to the Berne Convention and is not in the public domain in its source country as of 1 January 1996 (but see special cases) 20
70 years after the death of author, or if work of corporate authorship, 95 years from publication
1 January 1978 - 1 March 1989
Published with copyright notice by a non-US citizen in a country that was party to the Universal Copyright Convention (UCC)
70 years after the death of author, or if work of corporate authorship, 95 years from publication
After 1 March 1989
Published in a country that is a signatory to the Berne Convention
70 years after the death of author, or if work of corporate authorship, 95 years from publication
After 1 March 1989
Published in a country with which the United States does not have copyright relations under a treaty
In the public domain
Special Cases
1 July 1909 through 1978
In Alaska, Arizona, California, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, Oregon, Washington, Guam, and the Northern Mariana Islands ONLY. Published in a language other than English, and without subsequent republication with a copyright notice12
Treat as an unpublished work until such date as first
US-compliant publication occurred
Prior to 27 May 1973
Published by a national of Turkmenistan or Uzbekistan in either country19
In the public domain
After 26 May 1973
Published by a national of Turkmenistan or Uzbekistan in either country19
May be protected under the UCC
Anytime
Created by a resident of Afghanistan, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Iran, Iraq, or San Marino, and published in one of these countries13
Not protected by US copyright law until they become party to bilateral or international copyright agreements
Anytime
Works whose copyright was once owned or administered by the Alien Property Custodian, and whose copyright, if restored, would as of January 1, 1996, be owned by a government14
Not protected by US copyright law
Anytime
If published in one of the following countries, the 1 January 1996 date given above is replaced by the date of the country's membership in the Berne Convention or the World Trade Organization, whichever is earlier:

Andorra, Angola, Armenia, Bhutan, Cambodia, Comoros, Jordan, Democratic People's Republic of Korea, Laos, Malaysia, Micronesia, Montenegro, Nepal, Oman, Papua New Guinea, Qatar, Samoa, Saudi Arabia, Solomon Islands, Sudan, Syria, Tajikistan, Tonga, United Arab Emirates, Uzbekistan, Vanuatu, Vietnam, Yemen

Go and take advantage of the wealth of history and genealogical information about your ancestors by finding those books that make reference to them.

And, learn more about finding your ancestors by reading books about research.

As always, happy hunting,

Michigan Girl,

Copyright ©  2014   Diane Gould Hall

4 comments:

  1. Great post Diane.

    Lots of good Copyright info.

    I sure still like to own the book even if it is online readable or downloadable. Nothing like having the real deal and as fast as electronics is you can still go to page numbers and sections a whole lot faster by hand than to wait for the Internet or your CD ROM drive to get up to speed.

    I will give up a secret on how I find a best price when I want one. I do buy a lot of books on eBay and Amazon, also have Kindle versions of many of them as well. So when I see something that is on eBay that gets me excited I usually hold off and go to ABEbooks.com and search for the same title. You can almost always find it cheaper on ABE.

    For instance just this morning I saw a book printed in 1904 that covered something that I am very interested in and have never seen or heard of the book before. The asking price was $250 and I almost jumped on it because it was a rare book.

    Then went to ABE searched the same title/author and there it was, in slightly better condition and only 40 bucks. Want to guess which one I bought?

    Dick Hillenbrand
    Upstate New York Genealogy
    www.unyg.com
    www.unyg.com/blog

    ps: I also like to go to www.Archive.org to search for digital versions as well as Google Books.

    You have a great site and I have recently subscribed to it. Thanks.


    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. Dick. First of all, thank you for visiting and subscribing. I will be checking on ABE right away. Somewhere in the back of my memory, I have heard of the site before. I just purchased two small books a couple of days ago, on Amazon. I really enjoy the Images of America series and have several of them. I do enjoy my Kindle and it's how I read for pleasure. But, when it comes to genealogy, I like hard copy books. Just something about them, I don't know what it is. I've purchased the CD's with many books on them and find I just don't look at them like I do a regular book.
      Thanks for your comments,
      Diane

      Delete
  2. Hey great Diane,

    I couldn't agree more. One thing about ABE is that if you search for a title and it shows a very low price, be sure to check and see if it is just a digital version. The best way to search for the hard copy book format is to change the default display order from "Lowest Price First" to "Highest Price First" and then scroll down to where you can find a happy medium and price that is acceptable, but make sure it is the printed version.

    To your success!

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. Thanks for the tips on ABE. I just subscribed to your blog too. Great work and info! I need all the help I can get with my New York ancestors. I look forward to reading your current posts and looking at the past posts.
      Cheers!

      Delete

I look forward to reading your comments. If you have any connection to the people mentioned in this blog, please let me know. I write about mine and my husband's ancestors and would welcome new information or meeting a new cousin or two. Thanks for visiting and come back soon.